Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a condition that is characterized by symptoms such as pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness in the arm, hand, and fingers. Simply stated, these symptoms are caused by a pinched nerve, with CTS being the most common condition of its kind. In the majority of individuals affected by this condition, the symptoms worsen over time. Early diagnosis and treatment are vital to long-term wrist health, so it is important that you visit a doctor for evaluation if you suspect that it affects you.
Well, it’s the result of the median nerve – which runs from the forearm to the palm of the hand – becoming compressed at the wrist. This can happen because, to get from the forearm to the hand, the nerve must pass through the “carpal tunnel”, which is a narrow passageway comprised of both bone and ligaments and is located at the base of the hand. For a variety of reasons, the tunnel can narrow and compress the nerve…leading to weakness, pain, and numbness that can affect the entire arm (as opposed to just the hand and wrist).
Wrist sprains are a common injury that seems to affect those who participate in volleyball, tennis, and hockey at a somewhat higher rate. These sports involve excessive usage of the hands, which means that the wrists are always exposed to injuries. A wrist sprain occurs when a ligament is torn or stretched, and frequently occurs by falling over the wrist, or twisting it abnormally while playing a sport.
Our hands serve many purposes – they help us eat, write, dress, drive, craft, grasp a tennis racquet, a paintbrush, and more – and, to work properly, require sensation and movement in the muscles, tendons, and joints. However, when a problem with one’s hand occurs, a substantial amount of care must be paid to all the different types of tissues to ensure that future function remains possible.
After a break has occurred, it’s possible that small fragments of bone may stay within the joint. Wrist arthroscopy allows for the removal of these fragments, as well as the ability to align the broken pieces of bone and stabilize them by using pins, wires, or screws.
Compartments are groups of muscles, blood vessels, and nerves in your arms and legs. There is a tough membrane, known as a fascia, that covers these tissues – the fascia doesn’t stretch or expand easily as its main purpose is to hold the tissues in place. For instance, the area between the knee and ankle has four major muscle compartments. Compartment syndrome is most often seen in the calf. However, it can also occur in the other compartments of the lower extremity, as well as in the feet, buttocks, arms, and hands.